Chemotherapy trials in MB leprosy using conventional and newer drugs pefloxacin and minocycline
|How to cite this article:
Katoch K, Katoch V M, Natrajan M, Sharma V D, Si. Chemotherapy trials in MB leprosy using conventional and newer drugs pefloxacin and minocycline. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2000;66:18-25
AbstractOne hundred, untreated, smear positive BB, BL and LL patients were treated with a regimen comprising of once a month, supervised, 600 mg of Rifampicin+ 400 mg Ofloxacin + 100 mg of Minocycline in addition to self administered 100 mg dapsone and 50 mg of clofazimine daily for twelve months.The treatment was then stopped and patients were followed up on placebo. This study reports the preliminary results after 2.5 to 3.5 years of post treatment follow-up. The drugs were well tolerated, the clinical response to the treatment was very good, and there was no case of treatment failure. Bacteriologically 25 out of the total 70 patients available for follow- up were still positive at the end of one year of treatment. These patients continued to progress satisfactorily and four patients were still positive at the end of 2 years. No growth was observed in the normal mouse foot pad after one year of therapy. No bacillary ATP was detected in the biopsy tissues after one year. While no M. leprae specific rRNA was detectable in any of the specimens after one year of treatment, weak PCR signals were detectable in 3/57 specimens at that period. In the follow up available no patient has relapsed. The patients are being followed up on placebo and longer follow-up is required to draw firm conclusions.