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Kalla G, Garg A. Ectrodactyly. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2002;68:152-153
AbstractA rare case of ectrodactyly or lobster claw without any other ectodermal involvement is presented. His family history was non - contributory
Ectrodactyly (Lobster claw hand deformity) is an autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia presenting as bilateral congenital malformed hands. It consists of the absence of all or part of a central ray, associated with deepening of webs at site of absence of the ray and syndactyly of the neighbouring digit. The association of ectrodactyly with cleft lip and palate was originally described by Cockayne. It was known as EEC syndrome, i.e. ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia - cleft lip/ palate. In literature few sporadic reports are there.,,
A-70 year-old man presented with an unrelated skin problem. Both his hands were showing lengthening and broadening of the digits.
There was fusion of middle and ring fingers of both the hands but the left hand was more robust. The fused fingers of left hand were showing outward curvature [Figure - 1].
This individual was born with syndactyly of middle and ring fingers of both hands. The size of all digits at birth was equal. The growth of all digits was more as compared to other body parts and that of fused fingers more than other digits. The digits attained the present size i.e. almost double the size of normal fingers by the age 20 years. The nails of the affected fingers were maldeveloped. Patient was left hander, could perform all his routine activities and led a normal sexual life having 5 children in whom no abnormality could be detected.
Systemic examination of the patient did not reveal any anomaly. Hair and teeth were normal. Both the feet had no abnormality. There was no history of consanguinity or any other congenital malformation. Abdominal ultrasonography did not show any abnormality.
X-ray of the hands showed enlargement of all phalanges with periarticular osteopenia and osteoporotic changes. Increased soft tissue mass and syndactyly was clearly appreciable [Figure - 2].
Ectrodactyly is rare autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia. It may be associated with other ectodermal defects.
The present case did not have a positive family history nor did he have any other ectodermal defect. Deepening of the web spaces of hands was not found in our case. Probably a full blown case of EEC syndrome would have shown all these features where as this individual had only ectrodactyly. More robust left hand could be explained in view of it being the dominant hand.
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