Multiple proliferating trichilemmal cysts with cutaneous horn on scalp
How to cite this article: Wu L, Jiang L, Tang Y. Multiple proliferating trichilemmal cysts with cutaneous horn on scalp. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol doi: 10.25259/IJDVL_753_2021
A 45-year-old man was referred to our outpatient clinic with multiple soft skin tumours on the scalp, which had slowly grown for last 20 years. One year ago, a firm, nail-like keratin mass was found at the edge of the middle tumour [Figure 1]. The tumours were removed by radical excision surgery and histopathologically diagnosed as proliferating trichilemmal cyst [Figure 2].
Association with human papillomavirus infection has been suspected in the pathogenesis of proliferating trichilemmal cysts. The histopathology of the tumour showed suspicious hollow cells in the local hyperplastic cyst wall, supporting a viral etiology. After the radical resection, there has been no recurrence or metastasis in this patient thus far.
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