Spontaneous ecchymoses and conjunctival deposits in primary systemic amyloidosis
How to cite this article: Mehta N, Khan MD, Gupta V. Spontaneous ecchymoses and conjunctival deposits in primary systemic amyloidosis. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol, doi: 10.25259/IJDVL_427_2023.
A 55-year-old man was referred to us for spontaneous bruising and increased skin fragility for 5 years. He had periorbital ecchymoses and puffiness (Figure 1) and purpura on the chest at the site of ECG electrodes (Figure 2). In addition, there were fleshy conjunctival growths in bilateral eyes that showed amyloid deposits on histopathology. Serum electrophoresis revealed an IgG-kappa restricted M-band (2.1 g/dL) and an elevated kappa/lambda ratio (2.32, normal <1.65), while bone marrow biopsy showed 15% kappa-restricted monoclonal plasma cells. A diagnosis of primary systemic light chain (AL) amyloidosis with plasma cell dyscrasia was made and the patient was referred to the haematology department.
Characteristic dermatologic manifestations may be seen in about 40% of AL amyloidosis and may even be the presenting feature leading to diagnosis. Easy bruising of skin occurs due to amyloid infiltrating and weakening the blood vessels. Other changes include waxy nodules and plaques, skin thickening and increased skin fragility. Amyloid deposits in the conjunctiva are quite rare. These have been more commonly described to be an isolated finding, but rarely can be a part of systemic amyloidosis as well, as seen in our patient.
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