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Pearls
2018:84:4;498-499
doi: 10.4103/ijdvl.IJDVL_443_17
PMID: 29667612

Dermabrasion of the recipient skin in vitiligo surgery: An easier way out

Karalikkattil T Ashique1 , Feroze Kaliyadan2 , Rinu Ruth George1
1 Department of Dermatology, KIMS AL SHIFA Super Specialty Hospital, Perinthalmanna, Kerala, India
2 Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Karalikkattil T Ashique
Consultant Dermatologist, Department of Dermatology, KIMS AL SHIFA Super Specialty Hospital, Perinthalmanna - 679 322, Kerala
India
Published: 17-Apr-2018
How to cite this article:
Ashique KT, Kaliyadan F, George RR. Dermabrasion of the recipient skin in vitiligo surgery: An easier way out. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2018;84:498-499
Copyright: (C)2018 Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology

Problem

Surgical management of vitiligo is one of the most remarkable breakthroughs in dermatosurgery in recent times.[1] Popular surgical modalities such as suction blister grafting and autologous melanocyte–keratinocyte transfer require even dermabrasion of the recipient area for optimal outcome. Dermabrasion for preparing the recipient site is usually done manually with a metallic dermabrader or a motorized dermabrader. The former is difficult to maneuver and the latter demands expertise in handling, and the permissible margin of error is very little when adjacent to vital organs.[2],[3]

Solution

Use of commercially available sandpaper for manual dermabrasion has been documented in literature.[3],[4] We have tried using the same technique in three ways. First, by placing the sandpaper tied to the index finger of the operator with a surgical suture material [Figure - 1]; second, sandpaper strips were cut to size and affixed onto a disposable tongue depressor – this acts like a metallic manual dermabrader, which is commercially available [Figure - 2]; and third, by directly folding and holding it between the index finger and thumb [Video 1]. This is a very simple and cost-effective method for dermabrasion of the skin in vitiligo surgeries. The paper strips can be sterilized by ethylene oxide and has a shelf life of more than a year. This technique makes it very easy to dermabrade tricky areas such as the lid margin [Figure - 3].


Figure 1: Medium-grade sandpaper wound round the index finger of the surgeon and fastened by surgical suture material
Figure 2: Sandpaper strip cut to size and affixed to a disposable, sterile tongue depressor
Figure 3: Dermabrasion of the eye lid margin with sandpaper

The technique is by far the cheapest and easiest method of dermabrasion of the skin for procedures and needs to be popularized, especially to encourage dermatologists in low-resource settings to take up vitiligo surgery.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References
1.
Mohammad TF, Hamzavi IH. Surgical Therapies for Vitiligo. Dermatol Clin 2017;35:193-203.
[Google Scholar]
2.
Ashique KT, Kaliyadan F, Iqbal S. Dermabrasion of the eyelids in vitiligo surgery. Dermatol Surg 2016;42:691-2.
[Google Scholar]
3.
Kleinerman R, Armstrong AW, Ibrahimi OA, King TH, Eisen DB. Electrobrasion vs. Manual dermabrasion: A randomized, double-blind, comparative effectiveness trial. Br J Dermatol 2014;171:124-9.
[Google Scholar]
4.
Gillard M, Wang TS, Boyd CM, Dunn RL, Fader DJ, Johnson TM, et al. Conventional diamond fraise vs. manual spot dermabrasion with drywall sanding screen for scars from skin cancer surgery. Arch Dermatol 2002;138:1035-9.
[Google Scholar]

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