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Extensive Neumann type of pemphigus vegetans
How to cite this article: Chen QI, Cai H, Sun P. Extensive Neumann type of pemphigus vegetans. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol doi: 10.25259/IJDVL_932_2022
A 48-year-old man presented with a 1-year history of verrucous plaques on his head-neck [Figure 1a] and trunk [Figure 1c and 1d], tongue was fissured and cerebriform [Figure 1b], clinically consistent with a diagnosis of pemphigus vegetans. Histopathology showed hyperkeratosis, epidermal acanthosis, suprabasal cleft with acantholytic cells along the basal layer, eosinophilic abscesses above the basal layer, dermal papilloedema and infiltration of lymphocytes and eosinophils in the superficial dermis. Direct immunofluorescence revealed intercellular IgG C3 deposition in the lower epidermis. Indirect immunofluorescence was positive—anti-desmoglein-1, 34.09 U/mL, anti-desmoglein-3 286.18 U/mL (>20 U/mL is positive for both). Pemphigus vegetans was diagnosed, which responded well to systemic corticosteroids.
Pemphigus vegetans is a rare subtype of pemphigus vulgaris, which usually occurs in the groin, axilla, scalp and perioral area. The rash presents as hyperplastic plaques rather than blisters or pustules, and people with extensive systemic involvement are easily misdiagnosed. Histopathology and immunofluorescence studies are important for diagnosis.
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